The planning and feasibility evaluation of hunting autonomous management for indigenous people in the southern area of Yushan National Park
In order to meet the hunting cultural needs of the indigenous peoples adjacent to the national park, the Bunun tribes in 3 of the southern park were selected to understand their hunting status and their attitudes on autonomous hunting management. At the same time, a survey of the abundance of wild birds and mammals was carried out. To evaluate the feasibility of implementing hunting autonomous management. From February to November 2021, the research team used semi-structured questionnaires to collect data using in-depth personal interviews and focus groups. It turns out that gun hunting is the most popular in this area, and 14 small clans still maintain at least 13 hunting taboos or hunting ground management ethics; the hunting grounds in use cover 60 compartments, 22 of which are located in national parks. Automatic camera recorded 15 orders, 30 families, and 55 species of wild birds and mammals, including endangered species black bears and bear eagles. The relative abundance of most species is significantly higher than that of the neighboring Namasia area. Based on the above results, it is estimated that although local residents hunt in the park, they may still retain the traditional self-discipline cultural habits, so the animal population is still quite rich, and they have the basic conditions for autonomous management of hunting in the future.