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經營管理

110年玉山國家公園南部園區狩獵自主管理規劃及可行性評估計畫案

The planning and feasibility evaluation of hunting autonomous management for indigenous people in the southern area of Yushan National Park
中文摘要
為因應國家公園鄰近原住民族之狩獵文化需求,選定南部園區3里以布農族為主的部落,了解其狩獵現況與狩獵自主管理之態度與意見;同時進行野生鳥獸之族群豐度調查,以評估執行狩獵自主管理之可行性。研究團隊自2021年2月-11月底,利用半結構式問卷以個人深度訪談與焦點團體法進行資料收集。結果得知該區以槍獵為主,14個小氏族仍保有至少13項狩獵禁忌或獵場管理倫理;使用中獵場涵蓋60個林班地,其中22個位於國家公園境內。自動相機監測資料則記錄到含黑熊與熊鷹之15目、30科、55種野生鳥獸,多數物種相對豐度明顯較鄰近之那瑪夏區高。綜合以上結果,評估當地居民雖會至園區內狩獵,但可能因仍保有傳統自律的文化慣習,所以動物族群仍相當豐富,具備未來狩獵自主管理的基本條件。
英文摘要
In order to meet the hunting cultural needs of the indigenous peoples adjacent to the national park, the Bunun tribes in 3 of the southern park were selected to understand their hunting status and their attitudes on autonomous hunting management. At the same time, a survey of the abundance of wild birds and mammals was carried out. To evaluate the feasibility of implementing hunting autonomous management. From February to November 2021, the research team used semi-structured questionnaires to collect data using in-depth personal interviews and focus groups. It turns out that gun hunting is the most popular in this area, and 14 small clans still maintain at least 13 hunting taboos or hunting ground management ethics; the hunting grounds in use cover 60 compartments, 22 of which are located in national parks. Automatic camera recorded 15 orders, 30 families, and 55 species of wild birds and mammals, including endangered species black bears and bear eagles. The relative abundance of most species is significantly higher than that of the neighboring Namasia area. Based on the above results, it is estimated that although local residents hunt in the park, they may still retain the traditional self-discipline cultural habits, so the animal population is still quite rich, and they have the basic conditions for autonomous management of hunting in the future.
基本資料
  • 計畫編號: 1337
  • 辦理方式: 委託辦理
  • 計畫期間: 110年2月至110年12月
  • 執行機關: 國立屏東科技大學
  • 年度: 110
  • 計畫經費: 90萬元
  • 領域: 歷史
  • 主持人: 吳幸如
  • 中文關鍵字: 玉山國家公園南部園區,狩獵自主管理,野生動物監測,相對豐度,深度訪談法,自然觀察法
  • 英文關鍵字:The southern area of Yushan National Park, hunting autonomous management, surverying for wildlife
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