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109年國家公園暨玉山園區科研基地推動公民科學家參與長期生態監測計畫案

Engaging participation of citizen scientist for long term ecological monitoring and scientific field plan in National Park and Yushan Nation Park
中文摘要
國家公園擁有豐富的生物自然資源,為了國家公園的管理與維護,長期生態監測是不可或缺的基礎工作。國家公園也是兼具傳達環境知識與理念的單位,應將國家公園的各項功能有效整合。2020年是國際與國內的「生物多樣性超級年」,生物多樣性主流化是降低生物多樣性損失的關鍵。從國家公園的角度,將長期生態議題與公民參與做結合,是國家公園推展生物多樣性主流化的良好模式。本計畫辦理「國家公園生物多樣性主流化暨公民科研究研討會」與「國家公園公民參與長期生態監測─玉山園區觀摩工作坊」兩場活動,讓民眾與國家公園從業人士一同認識與討論公民科學與生態的議題,並結合國立嘉義大學生物資源學系的生態調查實習課程,希望能夠將多方的資源加以整合與分享。在長期生態監測議題的探討,本計畫以107-108年度「玉山國家公園長期生態監測與指標生物研究之先期規劃案」的長期監測議題為基礎,配合實際在玉山國家公園西北園區辦理工作坊活動與生態調查的結果,研擬適用西北園區的科研基地場域規劃書,規劃可執行的長期生態監測與指標生物研究。監測項目的執行方式主要分為委託相關專業團隊執行,以及訓練志工操作執行。考量西北園區分布的生物,以iNaturalist指南的形式建立一份30種動植物電子圖鑑,供相關人員參考。在公民科學推廣方面,以「玉山國家公園長期生態監測綜合專案」(iNaturaslist專案)作為相關志工或調查人員上傳物種資料或交流討論的平台。此外,也為玉山國家公園管理處在GBIF建置一個組織單位,以供日後園區調查資料的上傳與分享。最後,本計畫擬定一份國家公園與學校雙方發展長期夥伴關係的合作協議書,旨在強化國家公園與教育及研究端的合作關係,讓專業知識與國家公園的經營管理能夠更有效整合。
英文摘要
The national park is remarkable for its rich biological and natural resources, and the long-term ecological monitoring is an essential basis of the management of national parks. The national park is also an agency to deliver environmental knowledge and paradigm, so the functions of the national park should be integrated efficiently. This year (2020)—a “Super Year for Nature and Biodiversity”, a series of events is holding universally and one of the main targets is the mainstreaming of biodiversity, which could be a keypoint to retard biodiversity decline. From the viewpoint of the national park, the combination among long-term ecological issues and public participation is a good model to engage the mainstreaming of biodiversity. This project aims to let the publics and national park staffs to understand and discuss citizen science and ecological issues by hosting “The symposium of mainstreaming of biodiversity and citizen science research in national park of Taiwan” and “The community participation on long-term ecological monitoring in national park—a demonstration workshop in the Yushan National Park”. Meanwhile, we combined a practical course of ecological sampling and survey in the Department of Biological Resources, National Chiayi University to integrate and share various resources. This project is based on the planning and data of “A Study of Pre-project Planning for Ecological Monitoring and Bio-indicators in Yushan National Park” project, and used the results of the above workshop and ecological investigation in North-western region of the Yushan National Park to plan the feasible long-term ecological monitoring and biological indicator research. The implementation of the ecological monitoring items is mainly in execution of a commission by professional teams or training volunteers to execute. In general, this project established an online iNaturalist guide with common species within north-western regions in Yushan National Park. We created a citizen science promotion project entitled “Long-term ecological monitoring project in Yushan National Park” on iNaturalist, which can be used as a discussion platform for volunteers and investigators. Besides, we also registered the Yushan National Park Headquarters as an organization on GBIF for uploading and sharing biodiversity data. Finally, this project proposed a memory of understanding among national parks and universities to develop long-term partnership, which can strengthen the relationships between education and research in national parks, and incorporate the professional knowledge and management of national parks more efficiently.
基本資料
  • 計畫編號: 1329
  • 辦理方式: 委託辦理
  • 主管機關: 玉山國家公園管理處
  • 計畫期間: 109年1月至109年12月
  • 執行機關: 國立嘉義大學
  • 年度: 109
  • 計畫經費: 73萬元
  • 領域: 自然生態保育
  • 主持人: 林政道