Adamello Brenta Nature Park
The first decades of the 1900s
The thinking of authoritative naturalists and men of culture began to fuel the idea of creating a park to protect the area of the Trentino between the Adamello-Presanella massif and the Brenta Dolomites Group. Although with different objectives and geographic boundaries, the succession of proposals which followed identified three main elements in need of safeguarding - the Val Genova, the Brenta Group (in particular Lake Tovel) and the last autochthonous population of brown bears in the Alps.
The Adamello Brenta Nature Park was set up. Together with the Paneveggio Pale di San Martino Nature Park, the Autonomous Province of Trento included it in the first Provincial Plan (PP). Italy's first two natural parks had been created, but another twenty years were to go by before the Park would be able to "stand on its own two feet". During this phase, the Park was run by the Province through the Parks Department which for years implemented a bland policy aimed at developing and enhancing the natural resources. However, the planning constraints protecting the area from the debatable building speculation which at that time affected practically all the rest of the province held.
The new PP considerably extended the boundaries of the protected area, taking it from the original 504 km² to 618 km².
Provincial Law no. 18 of 6 May 1988, the "Nature Parks Regulation", was passed. This modern law was the forerunner of the principles of participation later sanctioned by Italian national framework law no. 394/91. It defined the scope of the natural parks in the Trentino as: "the safeguarding of nature and the environment and the promotion of scientific study and use of the natural resources by the community" and established the administrative organisation and management guidelines for the protected area.
During the early years, the Park had great difficulty in winning the acceptance of local communities and was forced to entrench itself in defence of its own principles. Then in 1999, the Adamello Brenta armed itself with a fundamental management tool - the Park Plan. Approval of the Plan marked the end of opposition from local residents and the protected area was at last able to direct its energies towards positive action.
Revision of the Provincial Plan in 2003 extended the boundaries of the Park even further, bringing the protected area up to the present 620.52 km².
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